Thursday, December 31, 2009

China pledges to advance relations with Djibouti

China pledges to advance relations with Djibouti

(Source: Xinhua) 2009-12-30

Chinese Vice President Xi Jinping (R) meets with Djibouti Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Mahamoud Ali Youssouf in Beijing, Dec. 29, 2009. (Xinhua/Liu Weibing)

  BEIJING, Dec. 29 (Xinhua) -- China on Tuesday pledged to work with Djibouti to push forward friendly cooperation in various sectors and advance bilateral relations into a new level.

"We value the ties with Djibouti," Chinese Vice President Xi Jinping said when meeting with Mahamoud Ali Youssouf, Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of the African nation.

Hailing the smooth growth of bilateral relations, Xi said it set a good example for the friendly cooperation between large and small countries.

This year marks the 30th anniversary of the establishment of China-Djibouti diplomatic ties. Xi hoped the two nations would grasp this opportunity to further promote bilateral relations.

China applauded Djibouti's support in issues concerning the country's core interests, Xi said.

Youssouf expressed appreciation for China's long-term assistance to his country without attaching any political conditions.

Youssouf also spoke highly of China's African policy, saying that Djibouti and many African countries adopted a "Look East" policy, which aimed to boost their cultural, economic and trade relations with China and other nations.

Djibouti would continue adhering to the one-China policy and increasing cooperation with China in climate change and other international affairs, he noted.

The minister also hoped to work with China to promote Djibouti-China and Africa-China relations.

Youssouf was here on an official visit from Dec. 28 to 30 at the invitation of Chinese Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi.

The two foreign ministers held talks early Tuesday, agreeing to enhance friendly exchanges and cooperation between the two nations.

Monday, December 14, 2009

Chinese 5th generation stealth fighter designed to

This is the Google translation of DF-31A's Reply #701, above:

Russians do not help the Chinese 5th generation stealth fighter designed to

Updated: 2009/12/07 18:36

(Central News Agency Xinhua Wang Manna Hong Kong 7) Han Dynasty and the founder Andrei Chang Defense Review, said today that the just concluded military-technical cooperation of Russia Committee meeting, the Russian exports to China that it does not 5th generation (West, 4th generation) fighters advanced technologies, or to help China design the 5th generation stealth fighter.


Andrei Chang quoted the Russian military technology to participate in the meeting, Russian officials said that in the Russia-China military cooperation meeting, the Russian position will continue to provide China with RD93 engine for China and Pakistan co-production of JF17 fighters, Russia this year and China's exports next year will be 57 units RD93 engines, but the latest generation of Russian-made S400 surface-form is not being exported to China.


However, the Russian side that Russia, China, the installation of the F-10 fighter engine AL31FN without Russian permission, may not be exported to any country.


The official added that the meeting did not sign any new military technology contracts, nor to discuss China's large Russian-made replica weapons. Russian side believes that China will not recognize imitation Russian weapons, even if the discussion is useless, the Chinese people still continue to imitation.


The official said Russia would soon flight test their own 5th generation fighter aircraft, but is based on Russia's 5th generation fighter technology, Russia, India, 50% of the shares will be the way to help the Indian Air Force, joint development of 5th generation stealth fighter, the biggest The difference is that India's first 5th generation fighter is two-seater, while Russia's 5th generation fighter aircraft are mainly single-seater.


He added that at present able to share the Russian 5th generation fighter technology, the country is only in India, Russia is not ready for export to China advanced 5th generation fighter technology, including radar, engines, avionics systems, Russia also will not help China 5th generation stealth fighter aircraft design.


Andrei Chang said that Russia and India jointly designed the 5th generation stealth fighter flight in 2012 is scheduled for 2015, to join the Indian Air Force. 981,207

Peace,

Saturday, November 28, 2009

missile destroyer Shijiazhuang in Latin America

Chinese naval fleet leaves Chile for Peru

(Source: Xinhua) 2009-11-29

  VALPARAISO, Chile, Nov. 27 (Xinhua) -- A Chinese naval flotilla Saturday concluded its good-will visit to Chile and sailed for Peru to continue its South America tour.

  The squadron, composed of missile destroyer Shijiazhuang and supply ship Hongzehu, unmoored at around 10:00 a.m. local time and sailed from the Valparaiso military wharf to music played by the Chile navy's military band.

  The two-vessel fleet arrived in Chile on Monday for the Chinese Navy's second visit to Chile since 1997.

  During the four-day visit, Major General Wang Fushan, commander of the fleet, met with Chilean Defense Minister Francisco Vidal and other high-ranking military and government officials.


Tuesday, November 24, 2009

China, N.Korea pledge to strengthen alliance

by Staff Writers
Seoul (AFP) Nov 23, 2009
Chinese and North Korean defence chiefs have pledged to strengthen their military alliance -- dating back to the Korean War -- during talks in Pyongyang, state media said Monday.

The move came after Chinese Defence Minister Liang Guanglie arrived in North Korea for talks Sunday, the Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) said.

Liang told a reception by Pyongyang's defence chief Kim Yong-Chun that the bilateral relationship was "sealed in blood" when he and other Chinese troops fought the 1950-1953 Korean War on the North Koreans' side.

"No force on earth can break the unity of the armies and peoples of the two countries and it will last forever," Liang said, according to KCNA.

"It is the fixed stand of the Korean army and people to invariably consolidate and develop the DPRK (North Korea)-China friendship, which has stood all trials of history," Kim Yong-Chun said.

The defence chiefs then had "comradely and friendly" talks, according to the report.

KCNA said Liang arrived in Pyongyang by plane on Sunday, inspected an honour guard, attended a fete, presented a gift for North Korean leader Kim Jong-Il, and met with Kim Yong-Chun, but gave no more details on his itinerary.

Chinese state media announced Friday that Liang would be on a three-nation tour of North Korea, Japan and Thailand from Sunday to December 5.

The trip comes as Stephen Bosworth, US special representative for North Korean policy, is scheduled to visit the communist state on December 8 in order to persuade it to return to six-party nuclear disarmament talks.

North Korea quit the talks in April, a month before it tested a second atomic weapon. Pyongyang said last month it was ready to return to the talks, but only if bilateral meetings with the US make progress.

The six-nation talks, which began more than six years ago, group the two Koreas, the United States, China, Russia and Japan.

China has hosted the talks since 2003.

Though being one of North Korea's handful of remaining allies, China has joined tougher United Nations Security Council sanctions to punish Pyongyang for its defiant nuclear weapons and missile tests.

But China has strongly opposed any moves that could escalate further tensions on the often volatile Korean peninsula.

Rodong Sinmun, North Korea's communist party newspaper and official mouthpiece, Monday denounced the latest inter-Korean naval clash earlier this month as a US-South Korean scheme to ignite a new war.

Navy boats from the two Koreas had a brief but intensive exchange of fire near the disputed Yellow Sea border on November 10 -- the first such skirmish in seven years.

Seoul said its navy left a North Korean patrol boat in flames and local media reports said one North Korean sailor was killed and three wounded.

Pyongyang has since threatened to take "merciless" military action to protect its own version of the Yellow Sea border with South Korea and warned that Seoul would pay dearly for any future naval clash.

The North refuses to recognise the borderline set by the United Nations after the 1950-1953 war and demands that it be drawn further to the south.

improved J-10 5-generation

Air Force department heads: "The four-generation machine" refers to the improved F-series aircraft -10

Yu Xiao-Quan
2009-11-23 15:48:26 Source: Xinhua News Agency
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Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, November 23 (Reporter Sun Maoqing) - Relevant responsible persons of the Air Force 23, said the recent media reports of "four generations of machine" refers to the improved F -10 series aircraft.

For the combat aircraft of the designated representatives of state, the world's major military powers are not consistent. The United States will be highlighted in the low-altitude, sub-transonic maneuverability of the F-15, F-16 fighters are divided into three generations of machines, will feature stealth, supersonic cruise and ultra-mobile performance F-22, F-35 fighter plane is divided into four generations of machines . Russia will be Mig -29, Su -27/30 divided into three generations of fighter aircraft, the Su -35 aircraft, such as an improved third-generation machine is divided into four generations of machines, will have a stealth, supersonic cruise, and a new generation of ultra-mobility fighter plane is divided into five generations.

The official said that China's combat aircraft primarily in the introduction, imitation on the basis of Russian-made equipment, the independent innovation and development, the media calls "four generations of machine" refers to an improved F -10 series aircraft. (End)


http://chn.chinamil.com.cn/xwpdxw/2009-11/23/content_4084111.htm

US report spying
http://online.wsj.com/public/resources/documents/chinaspy20091022.pdf

Tuesday, November 17, 2009

China threat

China,Brazil to advance military ties to a new high

(Source: Xinhua) 2009-11-18

China and Brazil vowed to advance military relations to a new high as senior officials from both countries met here Tuesday.

  As strategic partners and large developing countries, bilateral relations between China and Brazil made strides in recent years, said Xu Caihou, Vice Chairman of China's Central Military Commissions.

  In meeting with visiting Brazilian Defense Minister Nelson Jobim, Xu said China would like to work with Brazil for new achievements of the bilateral ties and made new contribution to world peace and stability.

  "We are pleased to see the increasingly pragmatic defense and military exchanges," Xu said.

  Jobim said his country had much in common with China and shared similar views on many issues. He echoed Xu's point in strengthening cooperation to further the bilateral military relations.
Editor:Ouyang Dongmei

http://english.people.com.cn/90001/90776/90883/6816066.html

Sunday, November 15, 2009

Chinese arms sell threat

RMAF Seeks China's Logistic Support For Sukhoi Fighters
http://www.bernama.com/bernama/v5/newsindex.php?id=452966

By Vincent Low

BEIJING, Nov 6 (Bernama) -- Malaysia is strengthening its military air ties with China and has sought the assistance of the People's Liberation Army (PLA) in maintenance and logistics support for Malaysia's fleet of Sukhoi SU-30 fighter jets.

Royal Malaysian Air Force (RMAF) chief Jeneral Datuk Seri Rodzali Daud said Malaysia was also looking into acquiring some Chinese military ware.

"China had risen to become the superpower of the region and is advanced in its technology as well and our relationship with China is getting better and better," Jen Rodzali told Bernama Friday.

"They can help us in many areas, like for parts and maintenance of the SU-30. In fact, Malaysia is also looking into some of the Chinese military products."

The RMAF has 18 Russian made SU-30 fighter jets while China also has large numbers of Russian made fighter jets including the Sukhoi SU-30.

Jen Rodzali was among the air force chiefs from 34 countries invited for a two-day international forum starting today in conjunction with the PLA Air Force (PLAF) 60th anniversary.

He met his Chinese counterpart, General Xu Qiliang, at the PLAF headquarters on Thursday night.

Jen Rodzali said the RMAF would strengthen cooperation with the PLAF and in the past had participated in the exchange of personnel and regional security information.

At least six Malaysian military personnel were attached to China's Defence University and Staff College and China has agreed to send its first student to the Malaysia Defence College next year.

The RMAF delegation will attend a PLAF Air Show and Air Force equipment exhibition at Shahe Airfield near here on Saturday before visiting the PLAF Museum on Sunday.

The group will also visit Jining Airfield in eastern Shandong province on Monday to witness an exhibition of China-made fighter jets before returning to Kuala Lumpur.

Friday, November 13, 2009

Nanchang Q-6


Nanchang Q-6 Nanchang Q-5 to the chief designer Lu Xiaopeng led the design Q-6. Q-6 design is based on MiG -23 began air power and structures. The mid-20th century, 70, in addition to two MiG-21M, China has acquired from abroad two MiG-23MS, two MiG-23BN, two MiG-23U, and 10 AS-5 ground missiles. Therefore, China imitation through reverse engineering of its components, in particular, avionics, and R-29 turbojet engine. Lu Xiaopeng also visited a number of Chinese air force and naval officers, the aircraft needed to listen to their views. In February 1979, the final design presented to National Defense Science and Technology Commission.
Q-6 is a variable-geometry wing aircraft. It draws most of the MiG -23 rear structure, and with a belly and a high intake of a new home before the cockpit fuselage combination. Q-6 plans to use 122.4 kN thrust of the WS-6 engines, aircraft weight of 14.5 thousand kilograms, the biggest load of bombs 4500 kilograms, combat radius of 900 km is expected to flight performance in excess of MiG -23.
In the sixties and seventies of last century, variable-geometry wing widely favored by the world of military aviation, several models have variable-geometry wing aircraft in service. China has noticed this trend and began their own research. In the 20th century, the mid-60s, China has actively carried out variable-geometry wing of the development work. Q-6 develop early, some people advocate that China should be the next generation of Strike Fighter F-111 MiG -23, or a sample. From the 20th century until the mid-60s late 70s, China has at least four conceptual proposals for the use of variable-geometry wing, including the Shenyang Aircraft Company's J-10 heavy fighters (with the current J-10 without any contact), Q -6 and similar F-111 / SU -24 / "wind" of the attack aircraft.
Q-5, compared with, Q-6 with multi-improved avionics system, and intends to use the MiG-23BN certain components within the equipment as a reference. Q-6 to be used in avionics systems include laser target indicators, tail warning radar, radio altimeter and radio gyro plate, but also intends to introduce a terrain contour matching and tracking system and modern flat-panel displays. However, most of the avionics system from the Soviet Union, with the use of IC compared with Western avionics system is clumsy old.
In China, one of the biggest problems facing the power plant, which is troubled by a number of other projects was a common problem. WS-6 engine after further improvement, in 1983, named after the completion WS-6G, rated 138.2 kN thrust. The engine with the J-9 and J-13's history, as experienced several delays due to technical problems. MiG -23 finally decided to adopt the R-29-300 engine, developed through the reverse 410 plant named WP-15. This is a double rotor turbojet engine, maximum afterburning thrust of 125.2 kN, 85.1 kN maximum thrust without afterburner. However, WP-15 ultimately did not equip any of the Chinese air force planes, but as a technical reserve preserved.
Q-6 on the development in progress, the modern military aircraft and the increasing use of telex control system. China's aviation industry started to pay attention telex control system and spend a lot of time to learn foreign technology, as well as editing software. The final Q-6 using the highly automated control system telex. JH-7 also used a telex control system, which means that the introduction of the Chinese Air Force Su--27 production of the aircraft before the Xi'an of China's most advanced fighter.
In addition to power plant addition, Q-6 to overcome the biggest obstacle is the reverse development of variable-geometry wing structure. In this regard, Nanchang, engineers and technicians experienced a serious problem because we can not copy the original design of the Soviet Union. Said that China's first variable-geometry wing structure of quasi-plane than the original weight of at least 12%, thereby reducing the new aircraft load of bombs, range and combat radius.
The same period, because at that time the Chinese regarded as the greatest enemy of the Soviet Union in the changes in weapons and equipment, leading to the Chinese military needs to change. The Soviet Union deployed along the Sino-Soviet border, such as S-300 and the modified surface to air missiles like the 9M38. Siberian Military District dense air defense network, already in flight to China pose a serious threat. Q-6 It is believed that low-flying than the JH-7 are more vulnerable to Soviet air defense forces to combat.
This new situation requires re-design, because far from done with Q-6 can not meet operational requirements. Because at this time of the JH-7 design and development work far exceeds the Q-6, Air Force and Navy will be fully attention to Xi'an, a large-scale attack bombers. When comparing the two has its own advantages: JH-7 structure is more simple, more compact aerodynamic design, a larger load of bombs, combat radius of more distant; while Q-6 more mobile, lower unit price.
It is reported that, Nanchang continue to develop variable-geometry wings and, ultimately, under the leadership of Lu Xiaopeng After eight years of hard work, in the late 20th century, 80 achieved a breakthrough. It seems, Nanchang to introduce a new design. The program uses the lower part of the nose inlet and variable-geometry wings, power installations in the WS-6 single or WS-6G. However, due to China's aviation industry made great achievements, the program came too late, and therefore can not escape the fate of being abandoned. With the JH-7's successful flight test, Q-6 for all the development work is concluded.
南昌Q—6 南昌以Q—5主设计师陆孝彭为首设计Q—6。Q—6开始的设计是以米格-23的航空动力和结构为基础。20世纪70年代中期,除了两架米格—21M外,中 国还从国外获得两架米格—23MS、两架米格-23BN、两架米格-23U和10枚AS-5空地导弹。因此,中国通过逆向工程仿制其零部件,尤其是航电和 R-29涡喷发动机。陆孝彭还拜访了许多中国空军和海航的军官,听取他们对所需飞机的意见。 1979年2月,最终设计方案呈送给国防科委。
Q-6是一种变后掠机翼飞机。它借鉴了米格-23的大部分后部结构,与带机腹进气道和高置座舱的全新前机身相结合。Q—6计划采用推力122.4 千牛的WS-6发动机,飞机重量达14500千克,最大载弹量4500千克,作战半径预计900千米,飞行性能超过米格-23。
在上世纪六七十年代,变后掠机翼广受世界军用航空界的青睐,数款变后掠机翼战斗机相继服役。中国注意到这种趋势,并开始自己的研究。在20世纪 60年代中期,中国积极开展变后掠机翼的研制工作。Q-6研制初期,就有人主张中国的下一代攻击战斗机应以米格-23或F—111为样本。从20世纪60 年代中期直至70年代末期,中国至少有四个概念方案采用变后掠机翼,其中包括沈飞公司的J—10重型战斗机(与目前的J—10没有任何联系)、Q—6以及 类似F—111/苏-24/"狂风”的攻击机。
与Q—5相比,Q—6采用多方改进的航电系统,并打算用米格-23BN内装备的某些部件作为参 照。拟用于Q-6的航电系统包括激光目标指示器、机尾告警雷达、无线电高度表以及无线电陀螺盘,同时还打算采用地形匹配与跟踪系统以及现代化的平面显示 器。但由于大部分航电系统源于苏联,与使用集成电路的西方航电系统相比显得笨拙陈旧。
在中国,面临的最大问题之一就是动力装置,这也是困扰当时许多其它项目的通病。WS—6发动机经过进一步改进,于1983年完成后定名为WS- 6G,额定推力138.2千牛。该发动机与J—9和J—13的历史一样,由于技术问题经历数次推迟。最后决定采用米格-23的R—29-300发动机,经 过410厂的逆向研制被命名为WP-15。这是一种双转子涡喷发动机,最大加力推力125.2千牛,不加力最大推力85.1千牛。然而,WP-15最终没 装备任何中国空军的飞机,而是作为技术储备保存下来。
就在Q—6研制进行时,现代军用飞机越来越多地使用电传操纵系统。中国航空工业开始关注电传操纵系统并花大量时间汲取外国技术以及编辑软件。最终 Q—6使用了高度自动化的电传操纵系统.JH-7也采用了电传操纵系统,这意味着在中国空军引进苏-27之前西安生产的飞机是中国最先进的战机。
除了动力装置外,Q—6需要克服的最大障碍就是逆向研制变后掠机翼结构。在这方面,南昌的工程技术人员遇到了很大问题,因为不能照抄苏联的原始设计。据说中国的首个变后掠机翼结构至少比原准机重12%,因而降低了新机的载弹量、航程及作战半径。
同一时期,由于当时被中国视为最大敌人的苏联在武器装备方面的变化,导致中国军方的需求发生变化。苏联沿中苏边界部署了诸如S-300和9M38 那样的改进型地空导弹。西伯利亚军区密集的防空网早已对中国境内的飞行构成了严重威胁。Q-6据认为比低空飞行的JH-7更易遭到苏联防空部队的打击。
这种新形势要求重新设计,因为用远未完成的Q-6无法满足作战需求。由于此时的JH—7设计与研制工作远超于Q-6,空军和海军将全部注意力转移到西安的 大型攻击轰炸机上。两者相比各有优点:JH—7结构上更简单,气动设计更简洁,载弹量更大,作战半径更远;而Q-6机动性更强,单价更低。
有消息说,南昌继续研制变后掠机翼,最终在陆孝彭领导下经过8年努力,于20世纪80年代末期获得突破。看来,南昌设法推出一种新设计方案。该方案采用机 头下部进气道和变后掠机翼,动力装置采用单发的WS-6或WS-6G。然而,由于中国航空工业取得的巨大成就,该方案来得太晚,因而无法逃脱被抛弃的命 运。随着JH-7的成功试飞,Q-6所有研制工作就结束了。

Monday, November 9, 2009

Chinese 5th






He tells the interviewer that under the estimation of present R&D progress the Chinese 5th generation fighter will be delivered to PLA Air Force and enter service in next 8-10 years (before 2010).
http://www.china-defense-mashup.com/?p=5416







Thursday, November 5, 2009

Qiangji-5J

Q-5 it not sexy it gets the job done close air support

200-ton large aircraft by the end of the largest military appearance

200吨级 最大军用大飞机年底亮相

http://www.sina.com.cn 2009年11月05日14:00 法制晚报

  200吨级 最大军用大飞机年底亮相

  研发、生产制造过程全部由我国独立完成 民用大飞机也在生产中

  本报讯(记者张颖川)中国的大飞机有了最新进展,中国空军军用200吨级大飞机实体年底将在西飞亮相。这将是中国最大的军用大飞机。

  今天上午,在中国航空工业集团成立一周年的媒体日上,记者了解到上述信息。

  11月6日是中国航空工业集团成立一周年纪念日。今天上午9时许,记者在媒体日上了解到,中国的大飞机生产有最新进展,军用、民用大飞机均在生产中。

  中航集团飞机公司胡晓峰总经理向记者透露,中国空军军用200吨级大飞机具体实物飞机将在年底亮相,这款飞机从研发、生产制造过程全部由中航工业西飞公司独立完成。而由中航承担中国民用航空大飞机80吨级的C919飞机零部件也在加紧生产中,将如期交付中国商飞集团。

  记者同时获悉,由中航工业自发研制的L15“猎鹰”高级教练机将首次走出国门,参加11月份举办的迪拜航展。L15猎鹰高级教练机将在航展上进行飞行表演,与国外教练机进行竞争,主打国际教练机市场。

  目前,已经有不少国家的空军派出飞行员来我国进行试飞体验,中航预计将会赢得不少订单。


200-ton large aircraft by the end of the largest military appearance
200-ton large aircraft by the end of the largest military appearance
http://www.sina.com.cn 2009 Nian 11 Yue 05 Ri 14:00 Legal Evening News

200-ton large aircraft by the end of the largest military appearance

R & D, production and manufacturing process by our independent completion of all the major civilian aircraft and also the production of

(Reporter Zhang Yingchuan) China's large aircraft have the latest developments, the Chinese Air Force military aircraft and 200-ton large entities by the end of flight debut in the West. This will be the largest of China's largest military aircraft.

This morning, at the China Aviation Industry Group, the first anniversary of the establishment of the media day, the reporter learned that the above information.

November 6 is the China Aviation Industry Group, the establishment of an anniversary. 9 o'clock this morning, the reporter learned in the media day, China's large aircraft, production of the latest developments, military, civilian aircraft are in large production.

CNAC aircraft, Hu Xiaofeng, general manager of the company told reporters, the Chinese Air Force military aircraft and 200-ton large aircraft will be at the end of a specific physical appearance, this aircraft, from R & D, production and manufacturing process all the Xi'an Aircraft Industry Company Central Air independently. The Civil Aviation of China Central Air bear large 80-ton C919 aircraft, aircraft parts are also stepping up production, will be delivered to China as scheduled commercial flight group.

The reporters also learned that spontaneously developed by the Central Air Industrial L15 "Falcon" advanced trainer aircraft will be the first to go abroad to participate in Dubai Air Show held in November. L15 Falcon advanced trainer aircraft flying in the air show performances, to compete with foreign trainer, main international trainer aircraft market.

At present, many countries have sent pilots to the Air Force carried out test flight of China's experience in the aircraft is expected to win substantial orders.

China Reform Monitor No. 397, July 20, 2001
American Foreign Policy Council, Washington, D.C.

China successfully tests submarine-launched MIRV missiles;
PLA warns it will destroy US aircraft, ships in Taiwan Strait

Editor: Al Santoli

July 2

Three "094" class Chinese nuclear-powered missile submarines simultaneously launched Julang [Huge wave] 21A ballistic missiles each from the South China Sea, East China Sea and Yellow Sea, all accurately hitting their targets in the Taklimakan Desert [in Xinjiang province] 5,000 kilometers away, reports the PRC-owned Hong Kong Tai Yang Pao. The June 28 exercise, code-named "Modern 1," coincided with a bombing exercise by the PLA Air Force Third Division, using new Russian-made SU-30MKK fighter bombers. The exercises were monitored by Jiang Zemin, Zhu Rongji, Hu Jingtao and Defense Chief Chi Haotian from the PLA headquarters.

A submarine-based Julang ballistic missile can be equipped with 7 or 8 independently targeted reentry warheads, with an accuracy radius of 15 meters. Chinese officials boast they are more accurate than similar American-made missiles. By 2005, China intends to mount Julang 21A missiles on six nuclear powered submarines, each submarine carrying 12 such-missiles. The PLA will also equip strategic highways and railroad locomotives with medium- and long-range [Dongfeng-3A and Dongfeng-25A] ICBMs. The article cites an inaccurate US Defense Department estimate made in March 2001, that the Julang 21A missiles would not be available to the PLA until 2005, at the earliest. PLA sources claim that China's successful test on June 28 and Russia's successful PS-18 ICBM launch on June 27 may well be counterbalance against potential US nuclear missile defense systems.

July 8

The US Navy's recent military exchange with the Chinese Navy, "teaching the Chinese military to sweep naval mines disables one of our most important strategic tactics, endangering Korea, Japan, Taiwan, the Philippines and the US Navy," Don Jones writes to the Washington Times. "The navy seems to have forgotten the impact naval mine warfare had on Japan in 1944 and 1945. One of China's biggest vulnerabilities is its Pacific Coast -- China's primary military and economic door to the rest of the world. A [US] mine barrage might be the only thing able to protect our naval forces from the devastating effects of Chinese supersonic anti-ship missiles."

July 9

The Chinese military has warned that in forthcoming PLA military exercises on Dongshan Island, the PLA "will reserve the right to resolutely intercept or drive away foreign or Taiwan aircraft or warships conducting reconnaissance. If incoming aircraft or warships refuse to heed the warning, the PLA will open fire to bring them down or sink them," reports the Hong Kong Wen Wei Po, citing an article in the July issue of Guoji Zhanwang, published by the Shanghai International Issues Research Institute.

The PLA combined-forces military exercise intends to practice seizing islands in the Taiwan Strait. This is the first time that the Nanjing Theater and Guangzhou Theater, East China Sea Fleet and South China Sea Fleet will "join hands in conducting a combined war drill against Taiwan." The Second Army Artillery missile forces and state-of-the-art aerial refueling IL-76 transport airplanes and Qian-8 II fighters will join the live-fire exercise.

Copyright © 2002, American Foreign Policy Council.
China wants to buy Ukraine's An-70 military air transport
Published: Dec. 2, 2008 at 11:57 AM
By ANDREI CHANG


HONG KONG, Dec. 2 (UPI) -- Ukraine and China have been engaged in negotiations on the joint design of a large military transport aircraft, according to sources in Ukraine's Antonov Aircraft Co. The agreement was expected to be signed this month, with the aircraft project to begin soon afterward.

According to a source in the Ukrainian military industry, the basic design concept of the aircraft already has been finalized. The Chinese military transport aircraft will adopt different design concepts and technologies than the Antonov An-70 transport aircraft designed by the former Soviet republic of Ukraine and the Russian Federation, the source said, and will be powered by four jet engines. Additional technical details of the transport aircraft are to be finalized after the signing.

In recent years the People's Republic of China has greatly reinforced its strategic military ties with Ukraine in a variety of areas, but this is the two countries' first collaboration in developing a large aircraft. A source from the Russian aviation industry told United Press International that China did not ask for Russian assistance on this project, suggesting that China is shifting its design cooperation away from Russia and toward Ukraine. It also indicates that the new aircraft will be an upgrade of the Antonov An-70 air transport rather than a duplication of it.

China expressed keen interest in the Antonov An-70 air transport as early as the mid-1990s, when the aircraft was undergoing flight tests in Russia and Ukraine. The aircraft did not get off to an auspicious start, however. The first Antonov An-70 prototype was tested in Kiev, Ukraine, in December 1994, but the same plane crashed the following year. The second prototype was damaged in an accident at Omsk, Russia, in 2001.

In 2002 Russia and Ukraine agreed to each take a 50-percent stake in the project, and two more prototypes were manufactured. But by April 2006, following the Orange Revolution in Ukraine, Russia decided to withdraw from the project.

The Antonov An-70 air transport is still being tested. The Ukrainian air force appears to be the only buyer, having announced its intent to procure five of the An-70 aircraft. China's decision to design its own large military transport aircraft on the foundation of the Antonov An-70 technologies is apparently intended to take advantage of the extensive testing the aircraft already has undergone, to save research and development time.

The Antonov company source has confirmed the Chinese military transport aircraft will not be fitted with the Antonov An-70's D-27 engine, though it did not disclose what type of engine will be used. The D-27 engine has an output thrust power of 14,000 horsepower, maximum payload of 47 tons and a flight range of 4,050 miles with a payload of 20 tons.

China recently imported 240 D-30 KP-2 engines from Russia to use in upgrading its own, home-produced H-6K bombers. It is unlikely that this engine would be used for the military transport plane, however. Russia is already replacing some of the D-30 KP-2 engines on its Ilyushin Il-76 air-lifter with upgraded D-30 KP-3 or PS-90 engines. The D-30 KP-2 does not meet Europe's latest noise control standards, so the Ilyushin Il-76 military air transport powered by these engines are not allowed to land at European airports.

--

china holp the DPRK Air Force

34 delegations to attend international forum on peace and development

(Source: China Military Online) 2009-11-04


   On the morning of November 3, an air force delegation from the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) led by Major General Kim Kwang-su (right), deputy commander of the air force of the DPRK, arrived in Beijing to attend the International Forum on Peace and Development sponsored by the Air Force of the People’s Liberation Army (PLAAF). Major General Li Shaomin (left), assistant to chief of staff of the PLAAF, greeted Kim Kwang-su at the airport.(Photo by Fei Boyu)

  On the morning of November 3, an air force delegation headed by Major General Kim Kwang-su, deputy commander of the air force of the DPRK, arrived in Beijing to attend the International Forum on Peace and Development sponsored by the Air Force of the People's Liberation Army (PLAAF). From November 3 to 6, 2009, the delegation will be joined by its counterparts from 34 countries, including Pakistan, Japan, Brazil, the United States, Russia and others, to mark the 60th anniversary of the founding of the PLAAF.

  According to Senior Colonel Xin Guo, deputy director of the General Office of the Headquarters of the PLAAF, the air force delegations from 34 countries have confirmed that they will attend the upcoming forum which is expected to have around 300-attendess from home and abroad including 23 air force commanders or chiefs of staff, and air force leaders from 23 countries will speak at the forum.

  Senior Colonel Xin Guo further noted that General Xu Qiliang, member of the Central Military Commission (CMC) and commander of the PLAAF, would deliver the keynote speech and the concluding speech to solemnly put forward the “5 propositions”, namely, building a new concept of airspace security, promoting exchanges and mutual trust, jointly developing norms and orders for the conduct in airspace, performing peace missions and sharing air force culture and honor.

  It’s the first time in the history of the PLAAF to hold an international forum attended by air force leaders of a multiple of countries. The forum is intended to serve as a platform of military diplomacy, advocate the concept of “harmony in airspace” and display the “open, confident and cooperative” image of the PLAAF. Moreover, the forum represents a significant move of the Chinese government and the military to actively promote the buildup of a harmonious world by upholding the concept of “Peace, Development and Cooperation”.

  It’s said that the PLAAF will also hold bilateral meetings with the international air force delegations at the forum. After the forum, the Chinese side will organize the air force delegations to fly to a Shandong-based aviation division of the PLAAF to watch the training flight and static display of the JH-7A aircraft and visit Qufu, the hometown of Confucius.

  By Fei Boyu

PLA Air Force threat

PLA Air Force forms own weapon and equipment system

(Source: China Military Online) 2009-11-05

   According to Wang Mingliang, a military expert with the Air Force Command College of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA), in the early days of the founding of the PLA Air Force, nearly all aircraft and equipment were bought from foreign countries. For instance, when it came to the early years of 1980s, major countries in the world began to use third-generation aircraft, but the PLA Air Force at that time, with only a small proportion of second-generation fighters, still took the first-generation J-6 fighters as its main players.

  In the face of the great challenge brought forth by the new military change in the world, the PLA Air Force initiated its information construction by centering on the objective of “winning information-based war and building an information-based force”.

  Presently, the weapons and equipment construction of the PLA Air Force has again kept up with the pace of the rapid development of the weapons and equipment of the air forces of major developed countries. The weapons and equipment of the PLA Air Force have preliminarily realized the transition from mainly defensive to both defensive and offensive.

  Wang Mingliang held that the most proud leapfrog of the weapons and equipment construction of the PLA Air Force is the development from introduction of foreign weapons and equipment to the independent research and development of weapons and equipment. The categories of homemade weapons and equipment such as J-10 and J-11B fighters, JH-7A fighter bombers, early warning aircraft and new-type ground-air missiles are expanding quickly. These home-made weapons and equipment are approaching or reaching the world advanced level.

  Especially, the successful development of J-10 fighter makes China one of the few countries which can independently develop the third-generation aircraft. Therefore, the PLA Air Force has for the first time come up to the world forefront by having a good command of the advanced equipment based on independent research and development.

  After 60 years of development, the PLA Air Force has now basically formed a weapon and equipment system which is mainly composed of the third-generation aircraft and homemade weapons and equipment,is featured with precision and based on network.

Tuesday, November 3, 2009

CV

LPD threat

Amphibious landing ship


  The "Kunlunshan" ship with a hull number of 998 is an amphibious dock landing ship. With a total length of 210 m, a maximal width of 28 m and a normal displacement of 18,500 tons, it is the surface combat ship with the biggest tonnage in China at present. The service of this ship symbolizes the great enhancement of the PLA Navy in projecting amphibious combat strength to the medium and long distance sea areas. Hundreds of marines from the marine corps of the PLA Navy will board on this ship in this maritime parade.


Missile speedboat


  
The new-type missile speedboat

  A new-type missile speedboat that is equipped with advanced missile and anti-electromagnetic interference system has evoked the extensive concerns of domestic and foreign military experts since its début in 2004. Although small in size, it is characterized in fast speed, strong firepower and excellent stealth capability. It has become a trump card in resisting against the enemy's threat in coastal waters.

Submarine formation


  
The new-type home-made submarine

  Chinese nuclear submarine will be a highlight in the maritime parade. A new-type home-made submarine formation will be on display besides the nuclear submarine in this parade. Relevant military experts said that the underwater noise of the new-type submarine was greatly reduced for the adoption of a multiple of advanced designs.

Surface ships


  
The "Lanzhou" missile destroyer

  Among the new generation of home-made destroyers attending the maritime parade, the "Lanzhou" missile destroyer with a hull number of 170 is the latest one in China. The construction of the destroyer started at the Shanghai Jiangnan Shipyard in August 2001. It was launched in April 2003, left the shipyard in August 2005 and enlisted in the array of the PLA Navy formally in September 2005.


Heavy-lift helicopters: Z-10 ??? or Z-14???


his is the Google translation to Xinhui's Post # 33, above: CDF
Heavy-lift helicopters: the next battlefield aerial "Hercules"
China's military network Published: 2009-05-11 09:47:44

Loaded with tanks

Air hovering

Hoisting bulldozers
Editor's Note

May 12, 2009, the first anniversary of earthquake in Wenchuan. Learn from its mistakes, recalled a year ago Wenchuan earthquake relief operation, I believe that many people clearly remember such a tense scene: Tang Shan barrier lake water in an emergency, and temporary loan from Russia two meters -26 heavy helicopter significant skill at the time of distress , lifting bulldozers, excavators, forklifts and other equipment more than 60 large dams that, in order to eliminate the barrier lake crisis Tangjiahe Hill made a contribution. For a time, heavy-lift helicopters -26 meters become the eyes of the "stars" of equipment, won the "giant" world.

A year later, heavy-lift helicopters has become the focus of attention again. Not long ago, the Russian News Agency said: China and Russia are to discuss matters relating to the joint development of heavy-lift helicopters. To this end, the reporter to connect the first time researcher at the Institute of the General Staff Zhang and the army, people's attention on the hot topics of heavy-lift helicopters to carry out an all-round reading.

Dialogue of experts: and Zhang, a researcher at the Institute of the General Staff Headquarters army, lieutenant colonel, the Chinese member of popular science writers, popular science writer, a member of the military defense, Army Aviation has long been engaged in the protection of field equipment and tactical and technical research, with a "combat use of Army Aviation Study "," the helicopter in modern warfare "and" Vertical Limit - Contemporary纵谈military helicopters "and other monographs.

Q: Wenchuan earthquake in the dawn of the first anniversary, it will look once again into the heavy-lift helicopters -26 meters. Can you briefly explain to readers the definition of heavy-lift helicopters it?

A: At present, the helicopter in accordance with the standards of our national military usually divided into: Small, light, medium, large and heavy-duty 5 types. Maximum take-off weight of a small helicopter in the following two tons, a maximum takeoff weight of light helicopters in the 2-4 tons maximum take-off weight of medium-sized helicopter in the 4-10 tons maximum take-off weight of large helicopters in the 10-20 tons, the largest heavy-lift helicopters to take off more than 20 tons of weight.

Refers to the so-called heavy-lift helicopters to take off weight of more than 20 tons of helicopter. Because the helicopter is mainly used for heavy transport, has also been said that heavy transport helicopters. A typical heavy transport helicopter was -26 meters in Russia, it is the heavy transport helicopter in the "Big Brother."

Q: as a heavy-lift helicopters in the "Big Brother", -26 m in the end how much "effort"?

A: -26 meters in the former Soviet Union Design Bureau Miri heavy transport helicopter developed by NATO to its nickname called "halo", which is the world's largest transport helicopter load.

At present, the -26 m apart from the helicopter in service in Russia, the CIS is also used in other countries. Malaysia, Peru, South Korea, India and other countries to order the -26 meters, the aircraft has also been chosen the United Nations peacekeeping force.

-26 Meters is a monster, and its captain 40.03 meters, 8.15 meters height, tail rotor diameter 7.61 meters, composed by the eight blades. Design in the world single-rotor helicopter, its rotor blades is the largest. We know that the helicopter lift from the blades have a high-speed rotation, which is that it can "force out million already," one of the key device.

-26 M in the cargo hold at the rear of the fuselage, can be loaded with more than 20 tons of the total weight of the tanks, infantry fighting vehicles, self-propelled howitzers, armored reconnaissance vehicle, such as baggage; can accommodate 80 fully armed soldiers, 60 stretchers and placed 3 health care workers, which is equivalent to the famous C-130 "Hercules" transport plane load capacity of the air is worthy of the name "Hercules."

Q: -26 m so "divine power", its also extremely strong momentum, right?

A: this is the case. It is equipped with 2 Turboshaft each Turboshaft 8500 kilowatts of power, which is equivalent to the general power万吨轮host vessel, we can see the power of the strong. At present, the world has such a strong country Aeroengine only Russian.

Engine power as a result of -26 m, and take-off weight, and has created a world record number of flights. February 3, 1982, a wave in the Soviet Union莫斯科夫纳airports, -26 m鲁巴夫by the driver,特洛夫, Al non-Do not Love and karaoke plus, respectively, driving, flying 10 tons of load to 6500 meters high , to fly 15 tons of load to 5600 meters high, 20 tons of load to fly to more than 4.6 thousand meters high, 25 tons of load to fly to more than 4.1 thousand meters high, have created the helicopter to climb a high load of world records. Especially non-pilots Al Love driving -26 m to 2,000 m high altitude climbing, the load as high as more than 50 tons, far exceeding the design of the aircraft maximum take-off weight.

Q: Apart from -26 meters, the world heavy-lift helicopters what family members?

A: At present, the heavy-lift helicopters are not the family, the world produced a total of more than 2000 aircraft, including CH-47 "Chinook" helicopter production of the largest number of more than 1000. As of now, m -26 heavy helicopters, only the production of 300.

The number from the equipment point of view, the world is equipped with the largest number of light helicopters, followed by medium-sized helicopters, heavy-lift helicopters in the helicopter at least a member of the family. But it is a great unique role in the transport helicopters play an important role in, the family is the backbone of transport helicopters.

Today, development and production of heavy-duty transport helicopter is primarily the United States and Russia, and its model is: CH-47 "Chinook", CH-53 "Sea Stallion", V-22 "Osprey", m -6 "hook" -10 m "Huck" and so on.

Q: heavy-lift helicopters in the wars and in non-military areas which play a major role?

A: The heavy-lift helicopters has good flight performance and enormous capacity, in a wide range of military applications. Modern battlefield, it is not only used for the transport of all types of military equipment, weapons and ammunition, carrying various types of tanks, armored, transport of medium-range missiles, anti-chemical air disinfection units, emergency strategies, such as airborne and air-landing; also be used in hospital operations and operating room, emergency ambulance to the wounded; also used electronic jamming, electronic countermeasures, such as for.

The Gulf War, the U.S. 101st air assault division deployed 40 CH-47 "Chinook" heavy helicopters and 60 UH-60 "Black Hawk" transport helicopter, a code-named "Cobra" of the motor action, quickly 2 mobile operators and a large number of weapons and ammunition and carrying supplies to Iraq 80 kilometers in depth, and opened up a surface area of 150 square kilometers of forward operating base, cut off hundreds of thousands of Iraqi troops south of the escape route.

Second Chechen War, mobilized m -26 heavy helicopters frequently, often on the battlefield so low over the flight, the night also voted to send troops, equipment transportation and protection. From September 23, 1999 to March 31, 2000, -26 m on the helicopter flight reached an average of 6 hours, for a large number of Russian military operations, equipment, and materials delivery, quick drive down a great deal of strength. In the rescue helicopter made an emergency landing, the meter is -26 Shenwei Daxian, will not be able to repair in situ of the helicopter hanging up quickly by air to the rear-area support bases repair, damage to the helicopter so that greatly shorten repair time.

Similarly, heavy-lift helicopters, as in non-military areas play a decisive role, to be completed by lifting a large object, forest fire prevention, pipeline and lifted the erection, installation of transmission lines, medical first aid, humanitarian relief, refugee evacuation missions. In the face of major natural disasters, heavy-lift helicopters are doing so well.

The Soviet Union in 1986 the Chernobyl nuclear accident, -26 m on the sides of heavy helicopters. At that time, the Soviet Union dispatched more than -26 m heavy-lift helicopters from the air delivery of the boron dilution of the radioactive dust will be the overall nuclear power plant canopy.

December 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami disaster, countries involved in disaster relief for 77 military helicopters, there are nine weight of 20 tons maximum take-off of the CH-47 "Chinook" helicopters, 4 maximum take-off weight of 30 tons of the MH-53 " Dragon "heavy-lift helicopters.

In the United States in August 2005 in New Orleans "Katrina" hurricane disaster, the U.S. military dispatched 372 helicopters involved in relief, including a large number of CH-47 "Chinook" heavy-duty helicopters, the flight just a week, thousands of sorties, dropping tens of thousands of relief supplies, rescued more than 30,000.

Q: will the next generation heavy-lift helicopters, what direction?

Answer: From the development trend, a number of military power in the world pay more attention to the speed of transport helicopters and effective load. Related technologies in order to break through the bottleneck, the world aviation experts brains.

At present the world is a more mature heavy rotary-wing aircraft the United States, which both helicopter and fixed-wing aircraft of the advantages of technology is considered a revolutionary change in the helicopter. The United States has a joint heavy rotary-wing aircraft after 2020 as one of the priorities of the three major equipment.

According to foreign reports, Russia plans to invite, including China, multinational cooperation in the development and production of m -46 heavy transport helicopters.

The EU shares the view that the heavy-lift helicopters are the core of the new rapid-response component. May 2004, the European helicopter companies have begun research on heavy-duty helicopter program, known as "heavy-duty transport helicopter" (HTH), plans to launch in 2020. Not long ago, France and Germany announced the joint development of a new generation of heavy transport helicopters, 4-5 years is expected to fill the U.S. CH-53 or the European NH-90 and A-400M military transport plane of the blank between.

Q: At present, China's heavy-lift helicopters to the development of a step which the development of several technology related?

A: Since the founding of new China, with the rapid development of aviation technology, China's helicopter industry has made brilliant achievements, has reached the top level of the developing countries. However, compared with developed countries in the world, we are still technically in a number of key there is a clear gap.

Development of the development of heavy transport helicopter, it is necessary to break through several technical clearance following: First, advanced technology rotor systems, helicopter rotor is a key component as well as helicopters, "force pulling million jin" key. At present, China must first master the advanced technology of the rotor system, designed and manufactured in their own achieve a breakthrough; II is an advanced engine and transmission technology, the current engine and transmission in China is relatively backward technology, the core component of the needs of independent innovation; Third, advanced the overall technology, we are now in the overall layout of the helicopter, and optimize the design, considering aerodynamic, reliability, comfort, etc., with the world advanced level is not small; IV is an advanced process technology, the current configuration in the new China , new materials, new technology and industrial technology, such as vibration noise to be further improved.

At present, we should seize the United States, Russia and the European plans to develop a new generation of heavy-duty helicopters, the opportunity to do a good job in the top-level planning, the full argument - is the introduction of foreign existing models, or with foreign countries to jointly develop a new generation of heavy-duty transport helicopter, or on its own independent research, to find out the direction for the best solution to China's national conditions and technical routes.

Load as the world's largest helicopter, -26 m maximum load of 20 tons, which is equivalent to the famous C-130 "Hercules" transport aircraft load capacity.

Monday, November 2, 2009

Yun-8 C-type

Yun-8 C-type machine kicked off the training ground modification
http://china-defense.blogspot.com/2009/11/more-y-8c-ordered-by-plaaf.html

October 27, 2009

In recent days, a period of 52 days of the Air Force transport plane C-8 modified the training ground officially kicked off.

Modifications to participate in the training ground troops are shipped eight new aircraft users, trainees mostly new recruits, training, how effective will have a direct bearing on the delivery of the unit to maintain the effectiveness of the use. Therefore, the higher authorities and corporate leaders attach great importance to the training, has organized a special meeting to study the deployment of related matters. Marketing for the new students are more weak technological base, a larger aircraft technical status changes, etc., to formulate a scientific plan, revised teaching materials, carefully selected trainers, conducted a well-prepared and well arranged.

The training hours of theoretical training, aircraft and crew with a teaching internship in three stages.

运八C型机地勤改装培训拉开帷幕

2009年10月27日

  近日,为期52天的空军运八C型机地勤改装培训正式拉开帷幕。

  参加地勤改装培训的部队是运八飞机的新用户,参训人员大部分为新学员,培训效果如何将直接影响飞机交付部队后的使用维护效能。因此,上级机关和公司领 导对此次培训十分重视,多次组织召开专题会议,研究部署相关事宜。市场部针对新学员较多、技术基础薄弱、飞机技术状态更改较大等情况,制定科学计划,重新 修订教材,精心挑选教员,进行了充分准备和周密安排。

  此次培训分理论培训、机上实习和机务带教三个阶段进行。


two-year compulsory service.

China's annual military recruitment favors college graduates(

(Source: Xinhua) 2009-11-02

  BEIJING, Nov. 1 (Xinhua) -- China's armed forces started its annual nationwide recruitment on Sunday, and college graduates are preferred candidates for the People's Liberation Army (PLA) 's two-year compulsory service.

  According to a mandate jointly issued by the State Council and the Central Military Commission, the recruitment this year has new favored targets: graduates who finished their four-year or three year college studies in June.

  The PLA and other branches of the country's armed forces used to rely heavily on senior high schools to supplement their new recruits. The new strategy has been expected to improve the military structure in terms of the education level for a better performance in dealing with modern warfare.

  Recruiting offices in Beijing and Shanghai require applicants to have a senior high school degree or above.

  The PLA usually recruits men aged 18 to 20 and women aged 18 or19, but the age limit this year has been raised to 24 for those with bachelor degrees.

  Most of college students in China take part in month-long military trainings on campus or in military bases, usually in their first month of campus life.

  China's State Council revised the government's recruitment regulations in September 2001 to enlist college students for the first time in a pilot scheme. More than 2,000 students were recruited that year.

china threat in to space

China's PLA eyes future in space, air: air force commander

(Source: Xinhua) 2009-11-02

  BEIJING, Nov. 1 (Xinhua) -- China will develop an air force with integrated capabilities for both offensive and defensive operations in space as well as in air, the People's Liberation Army (PLA) Air Force Commander Xu Qiliang said Sunday.

  Calling militarization in the space and in air "a threat to the mankind," Xu said China must develop a strong force in the two arenas in order to face challenges of that threat.

  "Only power could protect peace," the 59-year-old air force commander said in an interview with Xinhua, 10 days ahead of 60th anniversary of the founding of the PLA air force.

  Superiority in space and in air would mean, to a certain extent, superiority over the land and the oceans, Xu said.

  "As the air force of a peace-loving country, we must forge our swords and shields in order to protect peace," he said.

  According to Xu, not only major air force powers in the world were currently eyeing space and air superiority, some developing countries were also changing their military strategies to gain upper ground in the two arenas.

  A country without adequate power would have no say when faced with challenges posed by the militarization in the space and air, he said.

  The PLA air force would improve its detection and early warning, air striking, anti-missile air defense, strategic delivery capabilities in order to effectively protect China's interests and help maintain regional and world peace, Xu said.

  Xu meanwhile stressed that the PLA air force was peace-oriented.

  "The Chinese people is a peace-loving people, and China is a responsible developing country which upholds a national defense policy that is defensive in nature," he said.

  A powerful PLA air force would protect China's sovereignty, safety and territorial integrity, and would play a major part in maintaining regional stability and world peace, he said.

  "The PLA air force will pose no threat to any other country," Xu said.

  This year marks the 60th founding anniversary of the People's Republic of China. Its naval force was founded on April 23, 1949, and its air force on Nov. 11 that year.

  Previous report said the PLA air force would put its most advanced warplanes on display in the suburbs of Beijing in November, to mark its 60th founding anniversary.

  All the aircraft to be exhibited, including Kongjing-2000 Airborne Early Warning and Control (AEWC) aircraft, J-11 fighters,H-6 bomber jets, and HQ-9 surface-to-air missiles, were made by China.

  Most of them were already included in the aircraft fly past during the National Day military parade on Oct. 1 this year in Beijing.

  In addition to aircraft display, an international military forum themed "harmonious skies" would also be held in Beijing later this month.

  More than 300 senior air force officers from China and more than 30 other countries are expected to attend the forum to mark the PLA air force's 60th anniversary

  "The PLA air force will continue to deepen exchanges and cooperation with its foreign counterparts on an opener, more transparent, confident and practical basis," said Xu Qiliang.

Sunday, November 1, 2009

惊喜:中国LFC-16战斗机首飞成功!

惊喜:中国LFC-16战斗机首飞成功!

送交者: 三好学生 2009年10月29日20:42:47 于 [世界军事论坛] 发送悄悄话

2004年珠海航展结束后,一些网上的统计得出了一个出人意料的事实:最吸引网友眼球的即不是叱咤蓝天的SU-27战斗机,也不是漂亮轻巧的L-15高级教练机,而是贵航展台上外观怪异的LFC-16高敏捷性战斗机模型。

  事实上不光是中国网友对它感兴趣,即便是国外媒体,对这架飞机也表现出了一定的兴趣,美国《航空周刊与航天技术》杂志对它的评价是:“令人迷惑的模型”。


  是的,这架飞机不但外形让人迷惑、编号让人迷惑,连它的身世、用途都是一串令人迷惑的问题。那么,让我们走近这架飞机并回顾历史,共同揭开这些迷题。

  根据贵航的官方解释,LFC-16代表“轻型(Light)战斗机(Fighter)中国(China)-16”,16为贵航的内部编号。这架战斗机 是贵航集团与民间飞机设计公司“超翼”公司合作,以“山鹰”高级教练机的机体为基础,采用侧板鸭式布局技术设计而成的轻型高机动战斗机方案。这个战斗机方 案的特点是:低价格、高机动,安装了较为先进的电子设备,属于超级格斗型廉价机种,同时具备对地攻击能力。

LFC-16:全球机动性第一的战斗机

 上届航展引起广大爱好者及专业人士注意的侧板鸭式布局战斗机CY-1(超翼一型),在今次航展以LFC-16的名字再度亮相。

  值得注意的是这种飞机采用了中国人所独创的侧板鸭式气动布局、随动侧鳍等专利技术;如该机采用的一系列新颖的气动技术,包括了机身侧板+鸭式气动布 局、随动侧鳍、可控涡流等。通过应用这些技术,可提高飞机的操纵性和稳定性,甚至使其达到螺旋桨飞机的水平,同时机动性也将大大提高。据称,该机如果研制 成功,将可能成为机动性全球第一的战斗机。另外研制这架飞机的费用来自民间风险投资资金,可以说开创了中国战斗机研制历史上的先河。

  LFC-16采用的机身侧板相当独特,其位置略低于鸭翼平面,宽度很大。估计其作用是在大仰角下产生强大涡流,与鸭翼涡流耦合,在机翼上诱导出高升 力。有助于改善飞机的起降性能和盘旋能力。飞机操纵性和稳定性的改善,主要依赖对涡流的主动控制和随动侧鳍的偏转配合,使得飞机可以在没有采用电传操纵及 推力矢量控制技术的情况下,仍能保持大迎角稳定性和较好的操纵性。也许LFC-16真正有价值的还是它秘而不宣的涡流控制技术。这将对未来新型战机格斗能 力的提升具有重要意义。


LFC-16技术数据:

  机长:14.08米

  翼展:8.32米

  机高:5.03米

  发动机推力:7000kg

  正常起飞重量:8500kg

  起飞滑跑距离:300-400米

  着陆滑跑距离:400-500米

  最大速度:M1.6-1.8

  最大瞬时盘旋角度:30度/秒

  最大外挂重量:3000kg

Saturday, October 31, 2009

Gulf of Aden

Chinese new naval flotilla sets sail for Gulf of Aden while merchant vessel still held by pirates


www.chinaview.cn 2009-10-30 22:43:30 Print

Family members wave good-bye to their loved ones of the fourth Chinese naval flotilla that was deployed to the Gulf of Aden and waters off the coast of Somalia to protect merchant vessels against rampant pirates in Zhejiang October 30, 2009. (Xinhua Photo)
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ZHOUSHAN, Zhejiang Province, Oct. 30 (Xinhua) -- A new Chinese naval flotilla was deployed to the Gulf of Aden and waters off the coast of Somalia on Friday to protect merchant vessels against rampant pirates that still hold a Chinese ship for ransom.

The flotilla of the People's Liberation Army (PLA) Navy has been the fourth task force of its kind that China has sent to the region since the end of last year.

Missile frigates FFG-525 Ma'anshan and FFG-526 Wenzhou will relieve the FFG-529 Zhoushan and FFG-530 Xuzhou from the PLA Navy's third flotilla which have patrolled the area since June.

The new warships will join Qiandaohu, a supply ship, which has been on duty in the region for about three months. The fourth flotilla will have a crew of more than 700, including a special force unit and two ship-borne helicopters.

They would actively take part in international humanitarian rescue missions, said Liu Xiaojiang, the Navy's political commissar.

Crew members line on board before they leave for the Gulf of Aden and waters off the coast of Somalia to protect merchant vessels against rampant pirates as the fourth Chinese naval flotilla on Somali mission from Zhejiang, October 30, 2009. (Xinhua Photo)
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A Chinese coal-carrying vessel "De Xin Hai" with 25 crew members on board was kidnapped by pirates about 1,000 sea miles away from the patrolling area of Chinese warships in the Indian Ocean.

So far all the 25 crew members have been identified as Chinese citizens by the shipping company they worked for. The Ministry of Transport is working on the release of the ship.

It is not immediately known whether the new naval task force will bear a rescue mission for "De Xin Hai", but the two Chinese frigates currently patrolling the area have intensified the frequency of surveillance by shipborne helicopters, skiffs and the special force unit for merchant vessels passing by.

China made an unprecedented move by sending three warships to the Gulf on Dec. 26 last year in the first overseas escort mission for merchant vessels.

The PLA Navy warships have escorted hundreds of domestic and foreign vessels since the first flotilla arrived in the region.

The fourth Chinese naval flotilla leaves for the Gulf of Aden and waters off the coast of Somalia to protect merchant vessels against rampant pirates from Zhejiang, October 30, 2009. (Xinhua Photo)

Sunday, October 25, 2009

New-type submarine patrols in deep sea

(Source: PLA Daily) 2009-10-23
  No.330 submarine of a submarine flotilla of the East China Sea Fleet (ECSF) of the PLA Navy frequented the vast territorial seas in recent years. It has successfully accomplished dozens of major tasks such as equipment acceptance, test and long voyage and is dubbed as a “pioneer” of the new-type submarine of the PLA Navy.

  No.330 submarine is a new generation submarine independently developed and produced by China. And it has such advantages as low noise, long underwater sailing time and advanced power as well as weapon and equipment system.

  The reporters experienced a maritime exercise in a sea area not long ago. New-type submarine combat group with No.330 submarine as the leader concealed, broke through the blockade of the destroyer formation and anti-submarine military strength in the air and entered the attack position by adopting new combat method. “Direction and speed of the target are ascertained, a type of torpedo in 3# pipe gets ready to release!” As soon as the order of the captain was released, the torpedo left the pipe. Several minutes later, the torpedo hit the target accurately. This exercise symbolized that a new generation submarine of the PLA Navy has generated battle effectiveness.

  By Qian Xiaohu and Fang Lihua

Wednesday, October 14, 2009

China threat UAVs and UCAVs


Chinese researchers break through the mysteries of UAVs and UCAVs

06:45 GMT, October 14, 2009 defpro.com | Larry Dickerson, senior unmanned systems analyst for Forecast International, recently stated that the international demand for unmanned aircraft is rapidly growing, with the United States continuing to be the key driver of this trend. According to Dickerson, U.S.-based companies will account for more than 60 per cent of the market's value. However, western European countries and Israel are keeping up with the pace and spawning domestic development of such systems, which in some cases could already achieve more or less significant export successes (particularly Israel) with their industrial solutions. With respect to the obvious boom of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) development and export programmes in western countries, China, as much as Russia, still lag somewhat behind.


Catching up with world-leading standards

Nevertheless, the gap is quickly closing as the military’s requirement for state-of-the-art reconnaissance UAVs is becoming increasingly important in both countries. However, the activities are principally still focused on analysing (and often enough copying) already existing and fielded systems, such as the United States’ Global Hawk, Predator and Reaper as well as Israel’s Harpy and Heron. Completely domestic and unprecedented solutions emerge in only very few cases, of which many are too ambitious to make it into series production, let alone introduction into service.

In the case of China, the effort to increasingly use unmanned systems, as well as the capability to domestically develop and produce such aircraft, is publicly and proudly demonstrated, as could recently be seen on the occasion of the 60th anniversary celebration of the People's Republic of China. A total of ten short- and mid-range tactical reconnaissance UAVs mounted on their launching rail on the back of a truck, took part in the National Day parade (see http://www.defpro.com/news/details/10219/). “The ten UAVs of three different models have been [provided] to the PLA's special forces to carry out various reconnaissance missions,” Wang Baorong, captain of the UAV formation, told the state-run Xinhua press agency on that occasion.

According to the assessment of Professor Tan Kaijia, a weaponry expert with the PLA's National Defense University, this latest display shows that “China has made substantial progress in intelligent control systems, precise measuring-controlling systems and computer information processing for military uses.” Even more far-reaching concepts, such as the “Dark Sword” or the “Xianglong”, prove this assessment to be true, as the focus and the development is quickly going beyond small propeller-driven tactical UAVs towards high-altitude, long-endurance (HALE) UAVs and unmanned combat air vehicles (UCAV). The recent spotting of two probable HALE UAVs in front of their hangars at a Chinese air base suggests that such a system is already (near-to) operational.


Still many challenges ahead

However, as Andrei Chang, a Chinese military analyst with the Kanwa Information Centre in Toronto emphasised, it still is puzzling for what reason “the plethora of UAV models on display at Zhuhai do not go into production.” China is having difficulty mastering the technical complexity of operating UAVs in real time, he recently told Defence News. Chang suggests that many of the companies and institutions do not have an actual prototype and are simply looking for a foreign investor for their concept.

In an interview in early 2007 published by sina.com.cn, Tu Jida, chief designer of the Aviation Industries of China (AVIC), said that UCAVs are still at an early development stage in China and current efforts may lead to a successful aircraft system in approximately ten years. He further emphasised that for any such effort, China will be on its own and will have to “rely on its own strength and self-reliance.” The interview also left the impression that China is still working on the development of more secure and resistant control and communication links for the operation of UAVs to prevent enemies from interfering with the control of UAVs and the transmission of reconnaissance information.

Although the extension of China’s military satellite network allows the use of HALE UAVs over long ranges and in operations abroad, China is fully aware of dangers and the importance of satellite communications in modern UAVs. “Without military satellites, the commanders sitting in the United States could not operate their Predator UAVs, which are thousands of miles away on the other side of the globe,” Prof. Chen Hong of the Chinese Air Force's Command College correctly observed. Further statements published by Xinhua (see http://www.defpro.com/news/details/10187/) acknowledge that China’s push in all fields of defence technology proves that the country is prepared to show strength in the air as well as in space and will make sure its networks will be working when their antagonists’ resources are down.


Major systems and concepts

Apart from the “Harpy” UAV sold to China by Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) in 1994, China has indigenously developed and manufactured a number of unmanned systems during the past 30 to 40 years, often based on western – primarily US-built – UAV and UCAV concepts. A row of transformations of formerly manned aircraft, such as the Ba-5 (based on the J-5, a MiG-17 copy) and the Jian-7 (based on the MiG-21), for use as target drones, as well as the development of smaller target drones such as the Ba-2, Ba-9 (many more types have been produced), provided China with enough experience to develop remotely controlled and later pre-programmed and autonomously flying systems.

China also has a number of man-portable and -launchable mini-UAVs (such as the ASN-15), which are generally propeller-driven models for short-range tactical reconnaissance of ground troops. The following list of systems focuses on larger reconnaissance and combat concepts and – not least due to the lack of reliable information – does not claim to be complete (for instance, you may miss the formerly important ASN-104/105 and ChangKong-1 or a newer concept called “Combat Eagle”, which strongly recalls the X-45 and nEUROn UCAVs). However, it offers a condensed overview on past, present and future Chinese UAV and UCAV concepts, as well as on the often-foreign technological sources.

Reconnaissance Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV)

• WuZhen-5 (also ChangHong-1)
The WZ-5, in particular, which has been developed on the basis of the U.S. AQM-34N Firebee, will have provided China with the required technical background to take the next step in UAV technology development. After a number of these jet-powered reconnaissance UAVs had been shot down by the PLA in the 1960s, and at least one could be recovered for reverse-engineering, the Beijing Institute of Aeronautics (BIA; now Beijing University of Aeronautics & Astronautics, BUAA) began the development of a reconnaissance UAV based on the AQM-34N. The concept, consisting of the airframe, the optical camera sensor-suite, the turbojet engine and the ground station, resulted in two prototypes completed by 1972 and two in 1976. After achieving design certification in 1978, nine such systems were fielded by the People’s Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) as of 1981.

After having been successfully used for reconnaissance missions in the 1980s, the BUAA is believed to have developed an improved version, designated WZ-5A, which provided greater accuracy due to a GPS and inertial navigation system. The WZ-5 was air-launched at altitudes between 4,000 and 5,000 metres and would then climb to its operational altitude of 17,500 metres, where it may fly at up to 800km/h. It was originally launched by a modified Tu-4 Bull bomber, and later by the Y-8E (An-12 Cub copy) turboprop transport aircraft. Due to its lack of a real-time data link, its endurance of merely 3 hours and its limitation to day-time optical reconnaissance, the system can no longer keep up anymore with modern solutions. Without a real-time link and control, it must stay on its pre-programmed flight path, disregarding changing tactical situations or enemy air-defences.

• Xianglong (“Sour Dragon”, Chengdu)
As one of the more recent concepts, the “Xianglong” of the Chengdu Aircraft Corporation (CAC) was first unveiled at the 2006 Zhuhai air show. Its dimensions, jet engine and intake arrangement and wing shape very much recall the US RQ-4 Global Hawk and suggest that this UAV will also be used for high-altitude, long-endurance (HALE) reconnaissance missions. In fact, it is reported to fly at altitudes of up to 18,000 metres (approx. 59,000 ft), which is slightly less than the ceiling of the Global Hawk. According to unnamed sources, the aircraft already completed high-speed taxiing tests in late 2008 and was scheduled to have its maiden flight in early 2009.

The intake and engine, located on top of the fuselage at the rear between the V-shaped tail wings, are much smaller than those of the Global Hawk. However, according to Chinese media reports, it is believed to fly slightly faster than the RQ-4, reaching speeds of about 750km/h and ranges up to 7.000 kilometres. With a reported take-off weight of 7,500kg and a mission payload of 650kg, it is lighter than the RQ-4 and can carry less weight (RQ-4B max. weight: 14.640kg; payload: 1.360kg). Due to its comparably limited range, it is supposed to exclusively operate in the Asia and Pacific region.

• WuZhen-2000 (also WZ-9, Guizhou Aviation Industry Group)
Just as the Xianglong, the WZ-2000’s design seems to have been taken from the U.S. Global Hawk, with V-shaped tail wings and a single WS-11 turbofan on top of the rear fuselage. However, the WZ-2000 is smaller (length 7.5m, wingspan 9.8m) and has slightly aft swept wings, as well as obvious radar cross-section reduction features, including a flat bottom surface. Being an older – but nevertheless stealthy – reconnaissance UAV concept (1999) than the Xianglong, the WZ-2000 is reported to having accomplished its maiden flight in December 2003 and an onboard remote sensing system test in August 2004.

Although the aircraft has smaller dimensions, it is intended to fly at a service ceiling of 18,000 metres with a reported maximum speed of 800km/h for a total endurance of only 3 hours. The 80 kg mission payload reportedly contains a thermal imaging camera and a synthetic aperture radar. Reconnaissance data is transmitted via a satellite communications antenna in the nose bulge.

• ASN-206 / ASN-207 (Xi'an ASN Technology Group Company)
The ASN-206 is one of the earlier advanced tactical UAV programmes and one of the few that has been successfully introduced into service with the PLA. It is a lightweight, short-range, tactical multi-purpose UAV developed by Xi'an ASN Technology Group Company in 1994 and produced in series starting in 1996. According to unconfirmed sources, the Israeli company Tadiran Spectralink Ltd. has been involved in the development process. It carries various mission payloads and can, therefore, be used in a multitude of operations including day/night aerial reconnaissance, electronic warfare and countermeasures (EW/ECM), battlefield surveillance, border patrols and nuclear radiation sampling.

Powered by a HS-700 piston engine, the ASN-206 is a twin-tail braced UAV which is launched with the help of an accessory rocket from a 6x6 truck and is operated by a digital flight control and management system. The aircraft marks an important step in China’s UAV development as it provides real-time reconnaissance information, while older UAV models had to be recovered in order to access the collected data.

The ASN-207, of which four systems headed the UAV formation at the National Day Parade in early October, is an improved version of the ASN-206. It significantly surpasses the AN-206’s capabilities, reportedly providing double the endurance time and mission payload with a maximum range of 600km. It can easily be distinguished due to its mushroom-shape antenna mounted at the front of the aircraft, which receives flight control commands from the ground station.

Attack Drones / Unmanned Combat Air Vehicles (UCAV)

• Harpy (IAI)
The Harpy, built by Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI), was another technology source for China’s own development efforts. The procurement of an unknown number of these attack UAVs in 1994 created quite a stir in U.S.-Israeli diplomatic relations, leading to a crisis of confidence between the two countries. This only happened in 2004 when the Chinese Harpy’s were sent back to Israel for an upgrade and after it was discovered that the PLA used Harpies during a military exercise. The Bush administration subsequently urged Israel to halt all arms-transfers to China.

The Harpy (which since has been further developed: see http://www.defpro.com/daily/details/415/) is not a typical UAV but, rather, a weapons system called “loitering munition”. The propeller-driven aircraft is launched from a ground vehicle or surface warship and can loiter for some time above the mission area to locate and identify a suitable high-value target. Its sensor collects valuable information until the Harpy attacks and destroys its target by crashing into it and detonating its 32 kg (70 lb) high-explosive warhead. It was specifically developed to detect, track and destroy radar emitters, such as enemy radar and SAM emplacements, in all weather conditions during day or night.

• Yi-long (Chengdu)
Another design by the Chengdu Aircraft Corporation appears to be a copy of the U.S. MQ-1 Predator, yet without inverted but, rather, upright V-shaped tail wings. The aircraft is driven by a small tail propeller. It carries a small pivotable sensor suit almost beneath the centre of the slender fuselage. The model displayed at the 2008 Zhuhai air show did not feature pylons to carry weapons, however, design concepts of this aircraft were presented with one pylon on each wing, arranged in the same fashion as on the Predator, to carry light missiles.

• CH-3 (China Aerospace Science and Technology Corp.)
The CH-3 is a medium-range long-endurance (MALE) UCAV model presented at the 2008 Zhuhai show which, due to its complexity, still appears to be far from becoming a reality. The aircraft has a canard airframe design with the tailplane ahead of the main wing. Still propeller-driven, the aircraft carries a large sensor suite underneath the fuselage at the level of the main wings’ root. According to the model, the aircraft is designed to carry two air-to-ground missiles, such as the AR-1 air-surface missile.

• Anjian (“Dark Sword”, Shenyang)
The “Dark Sword” is an unmanned combat air vehicle (UCAV) concept which was displayed as a model at the 2006 Zhuhai air show. It is obviously designed for high manoeuvrability at supersonic speeds, having a flat, triangular shape with an additional large wing area and swing canards, hinting at China’s J-10 multi-role combat aircraft (which itself strongly resembles jets such as the Eurofighter, Rafale and Gripen). Its large intake underneath the fuselage implies high speed, agility and angle-of-attack, further suggesting that the aircraft will be powered by a turbofan.

At the Zhuhai air show, a staff member called the aircraft the “future of Chinese unmanned combat aviation”, emphasising its projected ability to evade enemy radar and to engage in air-to-air combat.

http://www.defpro.com/daily/details/424/

Thursday, October 8, 2009

Chinese Carrier AWACS

Chinese Carrier AWACS

October 8, 2009: China is equipping its 21 ton, twin engine, Y-7 transport with a phased array radar similar to that used on the larger KJ200 AWACS. The Y-7 is a Chinese copy of the Russian An-24. The Y-7 AWACS would be similar to the U.S. 23 ton E-2 that operates off carriers.

Four years ago, the Chinese Air Force realized it was not happy with its first four IL-76 AWACS (A-50s from Russia, converted to use Chinese KJ2000 radar systems). This led to a smaller system carried in the Chinese made Y8 aircraft (as the KJ200). Eventually, the Chinese began outfitting a Boeing 737-800 airliner as an AWACS aircraft. There may be as many as three of the 737 AWACS. These work much better. The Y-7 is thought to be a version that could operate off China's coming fleet of aircraft carriers. But the Y-7 is also cheaper, and better suited for equipping more air force units with AWACS capability.

The KJ200 entered service two years ago, and export versions sell for about $145 million each. China has had to develop its own phased array radar for it. The Y8 based KJ200 carries a flight crew of five and a mission (AWACS) crew of about a dozen. The aircraft can stay airborne for about seven hours per sortie. The KJ2000 radar has a range of about 300 kilometers, and the computer systems are supposed to be able to handle 5-10 fighters at a time, and keep track of several dozen enemy targets.

Meanwhile, the 54 ton propeller driven Y8 (which is based on the Russian An-12) and Y-7, and 157 ton Il-76 jet, are apparently considered less reliable, and more expensive to maintain, than the twin engine, 79 ton, Boeing 737-800. Chinese airlines (some of them controlled by the Chinese Air Force) have been using the 737-800 since 1999 (a year after this model entered service).

October 8, 2009: China is equipping its 21 ton, twin engine, Y-7 transport with a phased array radar similar to that used on the larger KJ200 AWACS. The Y-7 is a Chinese copy of the Russian An-24. The Y-7 AWACS would be similar to the U.S. 23 ton E-2 that operates off carriers.

Four years ago, the Chinese Air Force realized it was not happy with its first four IL-76 AWACS (A-50s from Russia, converted to use Chinese KJ2000 radar systems). This led to a smaller system carried in the Chinese made Y8 aircraft (as the KJ200). Eventually, the Chinese began outfitting a Boeing 737-800 airliner as an AWACS aircraft. There may be as many as three of the 737 AWACS. These work much better. The Y-7 is thought to be a version that could operate off China's coming fleet of aircraft carriers. But the Y-7 is also cheaper, and better suited for equipping more air force units with AWACS capability.

The KJ200 entered service two years ago, and export versions sell for about $145 million each. China has had to develop its own phased array radar for it. The Y8 based KJ200 carries a flight crew of five and a mission (AWACS) crew of about a dozen. The aircraft can stay airborne for about seven hours per sortie. The KJ2000 radar has a range of about 300 kilometers, and the computer systems are supposed to be able to handle 5-10 fighters at a time, and keep track of several dozen enemy targets.

Meanwhile, the 54 ton propeller driven Y8 (which is based on the Russian An-12) and Y-7, and 157 ton Il-76 jet, are apparently considered less reliable, and more expensive to maintain, than the twin engine, 79 ton, Boeing 737-800. Chinese airlines (some of them controlled by the Chinese Air Force) have been using the 737-800 since 1999 (a year after this model entered service).

http://www.strategypage.com/htmw/htecm/articles/20091008.aspx