Translation: Chinese » English
Vietnam and Southeast Asia since ancient times been China's traditional sphere of influence. China and Vietnam in the history of most of the time is a friendly neighbor. However, since the 1970s, due to China's national strength is weak and gradually lost control over the region. Vietnam has Southeast Asia to take this opportunity to occupy our country and even eating into the territory to such an extent that the two countries thoroughly enemies, went to war. China is now Vietnam's territorial security of the most important threat to impede the re-emergence of China's biggest obstacle. On the other hand, Vietnam is also the entire South-East Asia Center for Strategic and hub. To regain control of South-East Asia is necessary to conquer Vietnam. Vietnam to conquer is the first step in the expansion of south China and most important step.
Vietnam is Southeast Asia's strongest military power, also has a wealth of experience in war and in particular the military power of combat experience, so, no matter from which side, Vietnam is a hard nut to crack. In accordance with Chairman Mao's words, we have strategically contempt for opponents, but in the tactical importance to opponents. Therefore, the Vietnamese military operations must have a thorough scientific and operational plans.
Vietnam's terrain is extremely special, put it in simple language is like the analogy of the plate lying in the Indo-China at the eastern end of a strange Hydrus, and what a narrow strip of North and South, between North and South length of 1600 km, and things narrowest point is only 50 km . Vietnam low-lying West High East, for three-quarters of the territory of the mountain and plateau. North Vietnam by cutting deep into the mountains parallel, 1500-300 meters above sea level. Platform and is in the southern highlands, 500-1500 meters above sea level. Many mountain streams, river bed between the larger, fast-flowing, flooding rivers during the rainy season, tropical jungle covering the entire territory of the area by 40%. Therefore, most of Vietnam's regional operations are not suitable for large-scale mechanization. According to the U.S. in the Vietnam War and the failure of the lessons we have more to the war in self-defense to counter the successful experience of the use of mountain troops and helicopter gunships carried out is a mountainous jungle warfare and the best way to fight. As long as we can break through in Vietnam's northern mountainous area of defense, once the Red River Plain, armored troops will be able to play a great power skelter. However, from time to fight back in self-defense in times of war veteran offensive line into the armored forces, has proved to be unsuccessful. Well, the other can only open up a new battlefield. Quickly and effectively focus on the large-scale armored forces, enemy of the Center for the implementation of the hinterland of the devastating surprise is the key to the ground.
How to Vietnam this uniform Hydra depends largely on how quickly it cut off the snake-heads. There is a saying in China, the snake fight Qicun, Qicun the location of the snake is the Gate of Life. We note that in coastal areas in central Vietnam's Thanh Hoa told a local, here are just plain of the southern tip of the Red River, another Vietnam Song Ma river to the sea. Thanh Hoa from the south, things suddenly narrowed terrain, which form a snake-like neck of the terrain, the whole Vietnam is separated into two different parts of North and South. Vietnam to connect the two ends of the main north-south railway and highway arteries by Thanh Hoa to the south only to a narrow channel out of an extension of its geographical location and our strategic Pore Jinzhou very similar. Thanh Hoa is therefore worthy of the name of the control of the northern part of Vietnam's throat snakeheads. This is equivalent to the throat strangled strangled the snakes Qicun.
At the same time, low-lying area of Thanh Hoa is open flat alluvial plain type, is ideal for large-scale amphibious landing. If the amphibious landing approach can be a large number of armored troops into battle quickly. In this way, a tank landing will be able to avoid the mountains and plains to make full use of the terrain to the advantage of the rapid advance Hanoi. In Thanh Hoa landing operations smoothly, the entire battlefield situation will be fundamental change. Vietnam army so that the speedy resolution of the issue possible. That being the case, such a good amphibious landing conditions, the United States then why not use it. This is mainly because China during the Vietnam War when the United States that a warning: "The ban on crossing the 17 degrees north latitude line" that the United States during the Korean War has been lingering fear of failure. Therefore, China's warning played a role in deterrence, until the end of the war, the United States dare not deviate from them, and Thanh Hoa in the area 20 degrees north latitude line in the vicinity. United States 17 times dared not cross the line in Thanh Hoa is clear that there will be no landing of any significance.
Comprehensive range of the above considerations, are following the development of the more offensive operations plan:
First, the deployment of troops. Vietnam decided to adopt a three-way battle spot, encircled the heart of the tactics and the implementation of the South after the North's first strategic policy. Accordingly, the intention to attack troops into the north, east and south of the three battle groups.
Yunnan, to the 14th army group to group to attack the North as the main task at the same time, in order to adapt to the war in the early needs of mountain operations, the 13th army deployed an army mountain brigades and one aviation brigade transport to the strengthening of the 14th Group Army. Yunnan direction of the total strength of 60,000 people.
Guangxi, to the 42nd Army group hosted the Group of offensive tasks of the 41st Armored Brigade and a group of a mission to strengthen the army to the army 42. Air Force in the second division in charge of the Eastern Group of air support. Guangxi direction of the total strength of 100,000 people.
Southern Group of land and sea landing direction to the Marine Corps and two brigades of the army as the first group of the main tasks of the attack, Army 54 127 army mechanized division as a second echelon, as Hanoi's offensive leader of the main armored assault. At the same time, the South China Sea Fleet Naval Air Force and the main force responsible for the theater of the landing force of delivery and air cover support. Air Force is responsible for the entire ninth division in central Vietnam's air space and fire suppression in depth. South of the Group's total strength of 150,000, of whom 100,000 people visit the troops.
Jinan Military Region, the 24th Group Army and the 15th Airborne Army of the total reserve.
At this point, our army's total strength of the war 520,000 people (excluding the Strategic Air Force and Second Artillery), 310,000 front-line combat units. Is expected to main battle tanks into 1200, 3000 armored combat vehicles, combat aircraft of various types 3200.
Second, the implementation of operations. Time is expected to battle for 31 days.
(A), the strategy to combat stage.
On the first day the war started, I started the second enemy artillery throughout 300 important political and military targets in the first round of missile attacks. To the territory of the enemy fired 500 short-range tactical missiles and 100 medium-range tactical missiles, the navy fired to the enemy's 200 land-based sea-based cruise missiles and 100 cruise missiles. Electromagnetic forces the enemy command centers, communications stations and Leida Ji, the implementation of strong electromagnetic interference. Strategic bombers focused on the enemy territory of large-scale power plants and industrial infrastructure of strategic bombing.
The next day, air force and naval air force carried out 1,000 sorties against the enemy aircraft to carry out important military targets in the second round of precision strike, the first day of missile attacks and the effect of evaluation. The second enemy artillery continued to launch 300 tactical missiles.
On the third day, the air force and naval air force carried out 1,500 sorties against the enemy aircraft to carry out important military targets in the air raid on a larger scale. And to eliminate the remaining Vietnamese naval and air forces. Navy continued to launch 100 cruise missiles, land-based, fixed-point destroyed.
(C), stage combat tactics.
On the fourth day, the air force and naval air force planes carried out 1,000 sorties against the enemy of the main targets in the third round of military strike at the same time, the army attacked the group to use long-range rockets and the enemy face-to-face large-caliber artillery fire covered an important objective of the implementation of a surprise attack. In the South China Sea Fleet of the completion of all the waters of the Beibu Gulf in the South China Sea and the southern tip of the route blockade. In the East China Sea Fleet around the periphery of the implementation of long-range warning.
On the fifth day, the air force and naval air force planes carried out 500 sorties on the direction of the main assault on the enemy's important to focus on military targets in the precision bombing. Further destruction of the enemy's ability to fight back and force on the ground. Army attack helicopters on the ground with artillery fire against the enemy targets deep extension of the raid. At the same time, the location of the attack force into the attack, landing the Group of 10 large landing ship transport, and 100 medium-sized transport landing man-of-war has finished loading from the naval port of departure. Air Force and Navy attack submarines to provide the entire air space and sea-wide under the escort of landing.
(D), the ground combat phase.
Sixth day of the early morning of the attacks on troops in the final hour to prepare fire, and then from the north, east, south, the direction of the three fast forward to the attacks on the territory of Vietnam. North East Group and the Group of the offensive line is still in use 79 years of Vietnam war-time use of self-defense line, landing the first Group of South echelon of the two Marine Corps brigade, and Jing Jia Le from the field to open up areas of the two sides move closer to the landing field and .
Seventh, eighth beachheads in the consolidation of the landing force, the first group landed one after another to expand the main landing field. And a mission to the south, troops rushed forward based on favorable terrain blocking rush to the rescue of the north Vietnamese.
Di Jiuri, Di Shiri, the first main group captured in the northern Thanh Hoa cut off the main newspaper with the forces of the South, Hanoi's strategy for the completion of the siege. At the same time, troops captured a division altar justice and the topography and the coastline to the south rely on defense, blocking the Beiyuan Vietnamese troops.
Dishiyiri, North and East of the Group of the Group were to attack troops break through Yen Bai and Lang Son. Hanoi attack on the formation of the force. 127 54th Army Group Army mechanized division after landing.
Dishierri, 127 Dishisanri division to the Hanoi high-speed into the occupation and Ninh Binh. In this way, I North, East, South, the three battle groups raids were intended to promote the area, completed the siege of Hanoi.
Dishisiri, the fifteenth, the same troops on standby a rest, the consolidation of the region has been occupied. I long-range artillery and air force started to Hanoi for the former general offensive firepower to combat ready. At the same time, one after another into the 24th Group Army of Vietnam battlefield.
Dishiliuri, the Vietnamese capital of Hanoi's mounted. Is expected to be completed three days of the occupation of Hanoi.
Dishijiuri, Diershiri the troops two days rest.
第二十一日, I put a new group of the 24th and the beginning of the first main group of South Vietnam's battle.
On the 31st to occupy the whole territory of Vietnam.
The plan of operations for a few:
First, why only 5 days of air strikes on ground troops into. 1991 Gulf War, the United States has a large number of precision-guided weapons and the absolute air and sea superiority, still had a month-long preparations for air strikes before entering the ground. We have fast access to major combat on the ground because of Vietnam and Iraq are quite different. First of all, Vietnam geography of the complexity of the decision to air only the best in the beginning stages of the war to the enemy of all of a sudden the use of the enormous destruction, then the enemy will adjust very quickly to deploy the use of multi-Vietnam mountain, jungle and more the characteristics of effective concealment. Vietnam and humidity throughout the year because of a large, and fog shrouded Yunqi, making our air there were considerable difficulties in the investigation. Therefore, if we do not rely on the accurate guidance of the ground forces, the continued air strikes have not been very effective. Secondly, Vietnam is no large-scale armored forces, mainly light infantry and mountain-based forces, which are better at making Vietnamese scattered and hidden, so that can only rely on the army to implement targeted. The United States has been a little more like a tiger in Vietnam. As long as we have more of a war, the United States will definitely try to disrupt that only ground forces into quick, Vietnam to become a real battlefield, the formation of scrimmage situation, in order to completely stop the United States to intervene.
Second, the operational plan to implement three-way spot, encircled the heart of the tactics, including amphibious landing in the South Group is the main direction of our military offensive and focus. Therefore, the most powerful and best armored forces should be focused on the use of direction. East Group, a supplement to the surprise attack on the direction of North Road to contain the strategic direction for the group.
Third, because of the more mountainous and jungle warfare is mainly a conventional war, the helicopter's vertical crack down on ultra-horizon will play a very significant role. At present, our army's air forces grossly inadequate. In order to meet the future requirements of become operational, the group should strengthen the building of the army forces, army aviation regiment in the original group on the basis of expansion for the Army Aviation Brigade. Substantial increase in three-dimensional offensive and defensive capabilities and ability to dispatch the battlefield.